It is hard to believe how many objects are found in the ground until you start metal detecting on your own. Below are the main groups of metal detector treasure finds that you may meet during the search.
The Most Common Metal Detecting Finds These are the most frequent finds. Depending on the area of your search you can find first coins of the Arab East (VI-X centuries), Byzantine and Tatar coins. From the middle of the XII century almost to the end of the XIV century, coins disappeared from the markets. Silver was traded in the form of bullion as money.
Crosses, coils, icons
Crosses were an obligatory attribute of every Christian. Crosses differed in their types and purpose. The most common crosses are calves. Crosses-encolpions are much less common. These are folding double-winged chest crosses with a movable projection designed for storing relics or other shrines. Such crosses were worn over the clothes of people of a noble family.
It is known that the peasants have long worn serpentine brass icons with the cross on the chest, which was attributed to the “wonderful power to soothe the suffering” when imposing them on sore spots.
Occasionally you can find metal icons that, like encolpions, were worn over clothing. They can be one-sided, two-sided, two-and three-leaved (folding). Travelers of the 17th century in Europe noted that all warriors without exception certainly had a beautiful image on their chest in the form of a triple folding, with which they never part and, wherever they stop, they put it in a visible place and worship it. Often there are also pagan amulets.
Buckles, buttons, fasteners, belt parts
The metal detector finds of this group are very numerous, since they were widely used from the Bronze Age to the present. They were usually made of bronze, copper, iron, less often silver and gold. A very large variety of styles – from very simple to very sophisticated, with enamel and intricate ornamentation. A variety of belt buckles and lining. Some of them served only for decoration. Others played the practical role of hooks to which various necessary objects were attached.
Rare, but expensive and great metal detector finds are Scandinavian brooches (clasps), often very decorative. More simple, Finno-Ugric, fibulae in some places are quite common. Buttons from military uniforms of the XVIII-XIX centuries are of great interest to collectors.
Weapons, tools, household items
What about biggest metal detector finds related to the weapons most often there are arrowheads, the variety of types of which never ceases to amaze. Less commonly found spearheads, axes, swords, and daggers.
Frequent metal detecting finds are knives, chairs, locks, keys. The best preserved ancient articles of bronze (axes, knives, daggers, arrowheads, etc.).
Unfortunately, iron products are often strongly corroded, especially if they are found in fields that were once richly fertilized. True, individual specimens, apparently having been in a fire, look like new and do not require any restoration. In addition, there are large fishing hooks, spoons, jewelry tools – drills, chisels, hammers, tongs, etc.
Jewelry is mostly associated with women, and even in ancient times, women were just as willing to wear jewelry as they are now.
Rings, brooches, pendants, bracelets, various pendants, earrings, and beads that can be found are dated from the Bronze Age to the present. In bulk, they are made of copper, bronze, silver and often gilded, decorated with stones, glass, enamel or granulation. There is a wide variety of styles, shapes, manufacturing techniques.
Moreover, you can come across a metal detector finds gold of nowadays. This find can be much more worthwhile than the ancient one. Often these objects are found when you are searching for metal detector finds beach.
Occasionally there are pendants amulets in the form of miniature hatchets, spoons, knives, keys, various birds and animals. A variety of very common jewelry-bells. They were used as decorative parts of the costume, but could also serve as buttons.
Horse harness elements
This is mainly a different size buckle for tightening and adjusting the harness straps, as well as the bit, stirrups and decorative plates on the horse harness. As a rule, they were made of bronze, but sometimes of silver with blackening. Bits, stirrups, horseshoes were forged from iron.
In some places, tokens were viewed as an unofficial means of payment, as a means of advertising and political propaganda.
Occasionally, the so-called official signs are encountered – these are various kinds of badges or pendants worn on clothes during the time when the owner performs his official duties. As a rule, an official sign bore an explanatory note – the name of the position, for example, “Senior Janitor” or “Fireman Warden.” Badges are another group of best metal detecting finds. Of great interest are military badges, as well as military and sports awards.
Native metals include metals that occur in nature. Despite the fact that a large amount of various native metals (aluminum, lead, copper, arsenic, bismuth, nickel, iron, tungsten, mercury, etc.) is known, gold, silver, platinum, copper, and iron are most interesting for us.
Many centuries ago, people engaged the search for precious metals. But now with the advent of metal detectors, this activity is experiencing a new rise.
The number of new surface deposits and alluvial deposits is small, but in the spent areas of gold is more than enough and it is quite affordable for artisanal mining. Each mine, as a rule, contains lost and unrecorded gold, the content of which can reach up to 70% of the total amount of gold in the field.
Sometimes you may encounter a meteorite – a stone, fallen from the sky. Meteorites are iron, iron-stone, and stone. The metal detector responds to the first two types.
In appearance, it is difficult for a non-specialist to determine whether it is a meteorite or not. But what is known for sure that these objects are among the best metal detector finds.
In addition, you can find wrist and pocket watches (sometimes gold), glasses, cigarette cases, lighters, locks, keys, thimbles, pillboxes and snuff, penknives, wrenches and screwdrivers, children’s toys, bullets, sleeves, whistles, bells, lead seals, tweezers, weights, fishing weights and hooks, irons, spoons, knives, forks, etc.